Sunday, December 13, 2015

This Week in History - 12/13 - 12/19

History This Week in History

December 13:
  • Wright Brothers make first successful air flight in history at Kitty Hawk, South Carolina (1903)
  • Birth of Phillips Brooks, author of O Little Town of Bethlehem (1835)
  • Al Gore concedes presidential election (2000)
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard. (1636)
  • Revolutionary War: 400 attack Fort William and Mary, New Hampshire in the first incident of the war (1774)
  • Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (2003)
  • Vietnam War: 1st US bombing of Hanoi (1965)
  • WW1: Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian & Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol (1916)
  • WW1: US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany (1918)
  • German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament (1906)
  • Clip-on tie designed (1928)
  • WW2: Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138 (1944)
  • James Dean begins his career with an appearance in a Pepsi commercial (1950)
  • Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand (1642)
  • Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world (1577)

December 14:
    Photo of Roald Amundsen
  • 28 people, including 20 children, are shot to death at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut (2012)
  • George Washington dies in his home in Mount Vernon (1799)
  • Birth of Quantum Physics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law (1900)
  • DNA created in a test tube (1967)
  • South Pole first reached by Norwegian Roald Amundsen (1911)
  • United Nations General Assembly votes to establish UN Headquarters in New York City (1946)
  • WW2: Congress establishes rank of General of Army - 5-star General (1944)
  • Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state (1819)
  • Saturday Night Fever starring John Travolta premieres in New York City (1977)
  • Oliver Cromwell announced his intent to welcome Jews to England with or without permission of the Parliament (1655)
  • The modern nation of Israel formally annexed the Golan Heights, which had been captured from Syria during the 1967 War (1981)

December 15:
  • The Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to the US Constitution guaranteeing basic civil rights, was ratified (1791)
  • Peter Bohler, Moravian missionary to America, founder of Nazareth, Pennsylvania, the man who led John Wesley to Christ, and one of the first men to educate Indians and Blacks, was ordained by Count von Zinzendorf, leader of the Moravians (1737)
  • Glenn Miller
  • WW2: Bandleader Glenn Miller's plane disappears over the English Channel (1944)
  • Thomas Edison patents phonograph (1877)
  • Gone With the Wind premieres in Atlanta (1939)
  • State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft (1593)
  • German Astronomer Simon Marius is first to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope (1612)
  • Bartolomeu Dias returns to Portugal after becoming first known European to sail round Cape of Good Hope (1488)
  • French Revolution: Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France (1794)
  • John Williams' final appearance as conductor of Boston Pops (1993)
  • Canada adopts maple leaf flag (1964)
  • Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island, married Mary Barnard, daughter of a Puritan clergyman (1629)
  • First US law school established at University of Pennsylvania (1791)

December 16:
  • Revolutionary War: Sons of Liberty through tea into the Boston Harbor in what becomes known as the Boston Tea Party (1773)
  • George Whitefield, first Great Awakening preacher, is born (1714)
  • Birth of Amy Carmichael, Scotch-Irish missionary who went to India remaining there without furlough until her death 56 years later. An invalid her last 20 years, she worked to rescue children from Hindu cult prostitution, and founded the Dohnavur Fellowship (1867)
  • US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism" (1950)
  • WW2: Battle of the Bulge, last major WW2 battle with the Nazis (1944)
  • The Colored Methodist Church of America, now known as the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church, was established (1870)
  • Rasputin
  • Grigori Efimovich, known as Rasputin for influencing the Russian Zsar and his wife for evil, was assassinated (1916)
  • Fire consumes over 600 buildings in New York City including the business of the Tappan Brothers, Christian businessmen who supported abolition, Charles Finney crusades, and other Christian causes (1835)
  • First submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated (1897)
  • Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week (1930)

December 17:
  • Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol was first published (1843)
  • Confiscation of the property of the Russian Orthodox Church and abolition of religious instruction in schools was announced by the Communist Bolshevik government of Russia under Lenin (1917)
  • Revolutionary War: France recognizes independence of British colonies in America (1777)
  • Muslim terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait (1973)
  • The first orphanage founded by the Church of God opened in Cleveland, Tennessee (1920)
  • New Ellis Island Immigration station completed (1900)
  • Colonel William "Billy" Mitchell, founder of US Air Force, court-martialed for insubordination (1925)
  • US Federal Communications Commission approves RCA's black & white-compatible color TV specifications (1953)
  • Kentucky abolishes debtors' prisons (1821)
  • Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities (1914)
  • Pope Paul II excommunicates King Henry VIII of England because of his divorce of his first wife Catherine and subsequent marriage to Ann Boleyn (1538)

December 18:
  • The Bolsheviks or Communists under Lenin ruled that marriage was a civil law not a religious ordinance creating an avenue for persecution of the church (1917)
  • Mayflower docks at Plymouth Harbor (1620)
  • First national day of Thanksgiving (1777)
  • Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas airs for 1st time on CBS (1966)
  • John Philpot, before being martyred by being burned at the stake, joyfully kissed the stake and quoted Scripture (1555)
  • Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet Nutcracker Suite premieres (1892)
  • Vietnam War: US begins its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam (1972)
  • Emory College was chartered (1834)
  • Sundar Singh, an Indian mystic, saw a vision of Christ and converted to Christianity (1904)

December 19:
    Bill Wallace, Missionary to China
  •   Bill Wallace, missionary to China, was martyred by Chinese Communists soldiers (1950)
  • Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of Poor Richard's Almanack (1732)
  • Revolutionary War: Thomas Paine published his first American Crisis essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls" (1776)
  • WW2: Hitler takes complete command of German Army (1941)
  • WW2: US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II (1941)
* Reprinted by permission of Tamera Lynn Kraft from

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