Sunday, December 27, 2015

This Week in History 12/27 - 1/2

This Week in History

December 27:
  • Christian temperance leader Carry Nation raided and wrecked her first saloon in Medicine Lodge, Kansas (1899)
  • Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth, the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet (2004)
  • WW2: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders his secretary of war to seize properties belonging to the Montgomery Ward company because the company refused to comply with a labor agreement (1944)
  • Peter Pan by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theater in London (1904)
  • WW1: Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins (1918)
  • Ether first used in childbirth in US (1845)
  • The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations. (1945)
  • Radio City Music Hall opens (1932)
December 28:
  • Congress officially recognizes Pledge of Allegiance (1945)
  • Galileo observes the planet Neptune (1612)
  • World’s first commercial movie screened (1895)
  • US Revolutionary War: Thomas Paine is arrested in France for treason (1793)
  • Early signs of Ebola epidemic: 2 year old child in Guinea dies of an unidentified haemorraghic fever; mother, sister and grandmother soon follow (2013)
  • Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn NY, on her last mission to free slaves, evading capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad (1860)
  • William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio patents chewing gum (1869)
  • First American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia (1981)
  • Korean War: Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea (1950)
  • American Colonization Society organizes (1816)
  • Spain recognizes independence of Mexico (1836)
  • Vladimir Putin signs into law a ban on US adoption of Russian children (2012)
  • U.S. immigration judge orders John Demjanjuk deported to Ukraine for crimes against humanity committed during World War II (2005)
  • Gulag Archipelago by Alexander Solzhenitsyn, a book about Stalin’s prison camps in central Asia, was published (1973)
  • Westminster Abbey dedicated (1065)
December 29:
  • Popular American hymnwriter Philip P. Bliss, song leader for DL Moody, died when the train in which he and his wife were riding plunged off a bridge into a ravine 60 feet below (1876)
  • Thomas Edison patents radio signals (1891)
  • First American Young Men’s Christian Association, YMCA, chapter opened in Boston Massachusetts. (1851)
  • Allen Yuan, Chinese preacher who was sentenced to life in prison for openly preaching the Gospel, was converted to Christianity (1936)
  • The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States (1835)
  • Assassination inside Canterbury Cathedral of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury by followers of King Henry II (1170)
  • Life magazine ceases publication (1972)
  • Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants (1852)
  • First telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Co, NY (1867)
  • War of 1812: The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle (1812)
  • War of 1812: British burn Buffalo, New York (1813)
  • Bowling ball invented (1862)
December 30:
  • Creation of the USSR formally proclaimed in Moscow from the Bolshoi Theatre (1922)
  • International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, founded by evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson, was incorporated in Los Angeles, California (1927)
  • Vatican recognizes Israel (1993)
  • John Wycliffe, Bible scholar and translator, died (1384)
  • Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society (1924)
  • Vietnam War: President Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam & announces peace talks (1972)
  • Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history (1903)
  • Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston (1809)
  • Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish (1896)
  • First picture of a comet from space (1973)
  • The lowest ever United Kingdom temperature of -27.2°C was recorded at Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands (1995)
December 31:
  • Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern US states (1783)
  • Birth of Peter Bohler, the Moravian missionary who influenced the religious spirit of John Wesley (1712)
  • WW2: President Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WW II (1946)
  • Charles Darrow patents Monopoly (1935)
  • Ellis Island New York City opens as a US immigration depot (1890)
  • Thomas Edison gives first public demonstration of his incandescent lamp (1879)
  • The first New Year’s Eve celebration is held in Times Square, then known as Longacre Square, in New York, New York. Ball drops for the first time. (1904)
  • First battery to convert radioactive energy to electricity announced (1951)
  • WW2: Italian Fascist Mussolini orders the suppression of opposition newspapers (1924)
  • Civil War: President Lincoln signs act admitting West Virginia to the Union (1862)
  • US Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec (1775)
  • Willem van Orange, leader of the Dutch Protestant revolt against Spain, demands freedom of conscience/religion (1564)
  • Brooklyn’s last day as a city, incorporates into New York City (1897)
  • Last San Francisco firehorses retired (1921)
  • Ratification of United Nations Charter completed (1945)
  • Bank of North America, first US bank, opens (1781)
  • British East India Company chartered (1600)
  • English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth’s nutation motion (1744)
  • Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada (1857)
  • The official opening of Taipei 101, the current tallest skyscraper in the world, standing at a height of 509 meters or 1,670 feet (2004)
  • 80,000 Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine at Mainz beginning an invasion of Gallia (406 AD)
  • A window tax is imposed in England, causing many shopkeepers to brick up their windows to avoid the tax (1695)
  • Frisia/Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701 (1700)
  • End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism (1805)
January 1:
  • Origin of Christian Era (1 AD)
  • New Year’s Day is celebrated on January 1 for the first time in history as Julian Calendar goes into effect (45 BC)
  • Agnes Ozman became the first recorded person in the 20th century to speak in tongues and was later involved with the Azuza Street Revival (1901)
  • Civil War: Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states (1863)
  • Civil War: President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (1861)
  • US Revolutionary War: General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag (1776)
  • US Revolutionary War: Mutiny of 1781 when 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey (1781)
  • War of 1812: Official reopening of the White House (1818)
  • Civil War: First US income tax (1862)
  • New York City annexes the Bronx (1874)
  • Albany replaces NYC as capital of New York (1797)
  • William Lloyd Garrison publishes first issue of Abolitionist Journal (1831)
  • WW2: Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god (1946)
  • First practical horse drawn fire engine in US enters service (1853)
  • Building of Panama Canal begins (1880)
  • Johnny Cash plays first of many free concerts behind bars (1960)
  • Haiti gains independence from France (1804)
  • Protestant Western Europe, except England, begin using Gregorian calendar (1700)
  • Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves (1788)
  • Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes (1881)
  • Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays (1896)
  • First homestead under the Homestead Act claimed in Nebraska (1863)
  • Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (1854)
  • St. Basil, church leader who defied Roman Emperor Julian for turning his back on Christianity and refused to serve in his court, died (379 AD)
  • In Lexington, KY, 12,000 followers of Alexander Campbell called “Campbellites” merged with 10,000 followers of Barton W. Stone known as “Christians” to form the Disciples of Christ Christian Church (1832)
  • Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro (1502)
  • Last gladiator competition in Rome (404 AD)
  • Dutch East Indies Company dissolves (1800)
January 2:
  • WW2: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals (1942)
  • Future Foursquare Gospel church founder Aimee Elizabeth, known later as Aimee Semple McPherson, along with her husband Robert Semple, was ordained to the ministry in Chicago by evangelist William H. Durham (1909)
  • Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade (1800)
  • President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Mississippi for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black (1903)
  • WW2: Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines (1942)
  • WW2: Allied air raid on Nuremberg (1945)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters (1965)
  • Pittsburgh’s Calvary Episcopal Church broadcasted the first religious service on radio (1921)
  • A team of Israeli scholars announced the discovery in Jerusalem of a 2,000-year-old skeleton of a crucified male, the first direct physical evidence of the well-documented Roman method of execution (1971)
  • First Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion (1966)
  • Alice Sanger becomes first female White House staffer (1890)
  • Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution and known as the Red Scare, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists (1920)
  • Big Bottom Massacre in the Ohio Country marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War (1791)
  • Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world’s first air conditioner (1906)
  • Tsar Ivan the Terrible’s march to Novgorod begins (1570)

* Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission


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