Sunday, January 10, 2016

This Week in History 1/10 - 1/16

This Week in History

January 10:
  • US Revolutionary War: Common Sense Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence (1776)
  • UN headquarters opens in Manhattan, New York (1951)
  • Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris (1920)
  • Civil War: US forts & property seized by Mississippi (1861)
  • Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union (1861)
  • US Senate proposes female suffrage (1878)
  • Oil discovered in Texas (1901)
  • John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil (1870)
  • The first section of the Complutensian Polyglot, the world's first multi-language Bible, was printed at Alcala, Spain (1514)
  • U.S. Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall prayed, "May we resolve, God helping us, to be part of the answer, and not part of the problem." (1947)
January 11:
  • First government report warning by US Surgeon General reports that smoking may be hazardous (1964)
  • The Church of God, headquartered today in Cleveland, Tennessee, and with roots going back to 1886, officially adopted its current name (1907)
  • WW2: In Hamburg, Germany, the Altona Confession was issued by area pastors, offering Scriptural guidelines for the Christian life, in light of the confusing political situation and the developing Nazi influence on the State Church (1933)
  • Timothy Dwight, grandson of Jonathan Edwards and Yale President who brought revival to the college, died (1817)
  • Amelia Earhart flies from Hawaii to California (1935)
  • Insulin first used to treat diabetes (1922)
  • President Theodore Roosevelt makes Grand Canyon a national monument (1908)
January 12:
  • Governor John Winthrop, leader of the Puritans and first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, was born (1588)
  • Record blizzard struck Midwest killing over 100 (1979)
  • WW2: German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge (1945)
  • Dr. Victor Rambo, medical missionary to India who cured the eyesight of thousands there, sailed for India (1924)
  • Romania bans Communist party - first Warsaw Pact member to do so (1990)
  • All in the Family premieres on CBS featuring first toilet flush on TV (1971)
January 13:
  • Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies (1942)
  • The world's first hymnbook was published in Prague (1501)
  • Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes (1794)
  • Mickey Mouse comic strip first appears (1930)
  • NASA select its first American women astronauts (1978)
  • Anthony Foss patents accordion (1854)
  • Birth of Philip Jacob Spener, founder of German pietism (1635)
  • Mary Slessor, a world-famous missionary to Nigeria who ended many of the abuses there, died (1915)
  • Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter (1610)
  • The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (1404)
  • Death of George Fox, English founder of the Society of Friends - Quakers (1691)
  • Humanist Society established in Hollywood, California (1929)
  • Odo, Count of Paris, becomes King of the Franks (888 AD)
January 14:
  • US Revolutionary War: US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris ending the war (1784)
  • Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T (1914)
  • Nobel Prize-winning physician Albert Schweitzer is born (1875)
  • Civil War: General Sherman begins his march to the South (1864)
  • Clarinet invented in Nuremberg, Germany (1690)
  • First Connecticut constitution, Fundamental Orders, adopted in Hartford (1639)
  • US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional (1878)
  • George C Wallace sworn in as governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!" (1963)
  • Juan de Valdes published Dialogue on Christian Doctrine which paved the way in Spain for the Protestant Reformation (1529)
January 15:
  • Salem and the Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed a day of fasting and repentance before God for the tragic error and folly of the Salem witch trials (1697)
  • Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign (588 BC)
  • US Revolutionary War: Vermont, then known as People of New Connecticut, declare independence from England (1777)
  • Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis (1861)
  • The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia (1889)
  • Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake premieres, St Petersburg (1895)
  • Israeli archaeologists reported uncovering the first evidence supporting the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by military forces of the ancient Roman Empire (1970)
  • US Revolutionary War: American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals (1780)
  • The University of Notre Dame was chartered under Roman Catholic auspices in Indiana (1844)
  • 1st top hat worn by John Etherington of London (1797)
  • Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England (1535)
  • Mt. Sinai Hospital was incorporated as the first Jewish hospital in the U.S. (1852)
  • Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party in Harper's Weekly (1870)
  • While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by Officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest (1934)
  • 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court (1973)
  • Vietnam War: President Nixon suspends all US offensive action in North Vietnam (1973)
January 16:
  • The Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty passed allowing religious freedom in Virginia and paving the way for the First Amendment (1786)
  • The 18th Amendment is ratified prohibiting the sale and distribution of alcoholic beverages (1920)
  • Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of US states (1919)
  • US Revolutionary War: Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks (1776)
  • Vermont declares independence from New York (1777)
  • Civil War: Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War (1870)
  • Ivan IV the Terrible crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow (1547)
  • Great Britain established full diplomatic relations with the Vatican (1982)
* Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission

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