Sunday, January 17, 2016

This Week in History 1/17 - 1/23

This Week in History

January 17:
  • King James Bible was commissioned to be written (1604)
  • WW2: Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation (1945)
  • Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas (1821)
  • Roman Emperor Theodosius divided the empire into western and eastern portions (395 AD)
  • First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment (1920)
  • First fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented (1928)
  • Captain James Cook becomes first to cross Antarctic Circle 66° 33' S (1773)
  • Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano's voyage to find a passage to China (1524)
  • Popeye makes first appearance in comic strip Thimble Theater (1929)
  • Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switzerland, killing 53 (1718)
  • Nine old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests in Kalisk, Poland (1775)
  • Antony of Egypt, known as the first monk, died at 105 (356 AD)
  • The Edict of St. Germain officially recognized French Protestantism (1562)
  • The Baptist World Mission was incorporated in Chicago (1963)
January 18:
  • WW1: Peace Conference begins in Paris (1919)
  • Peter Deyneka, known as Peter Dynamite for his bold sermons and who preached the Gospel to Communist Russia through radio messages, was saved (1920)
  • Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands now known as Hawaiian Islands (1778)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. holiday observed in all 50 states for first time (1993)
  • San Jose California, founded (1777)
  • The first Armenian church was consecrated in the United States at Worcester, Massachusetts after Armenian Turks came to America to escape persecution (1891)
  • Edgar Allen Poe is born (1809)
  • The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony (1788)
  • Civil War: Confederate Territory of Arizona forms (1862)
  • Taylor University was established in Fort Wayne, Indiana, under Methodist sponsorship (1846)
January 19:
  • Civil War: Robert E. Lee is born (1807)
  • Mel Trotter, who founded a series of missions for alcoholics, was saved and delivered from alcoholism (1897)
  • Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record at 7h28m25s (1937)
  • General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines (1938)
January 20:
  • WW2: At the notorious Wannsee Conference in Berlin, German Nazi officials decided on their "final solution," which called for a mass extermination of all the Jews in Europe (1942)
  • Iran Hostage Crisis ends when Iran releases prisoners as President Reagan is inaugurated (1981)
  • Susanna Annesley Wesley, mother of John and Charles Wesley, was born (1669)
  • Fabian, Bishop of Rome for fourteen years, was the first martyr by Emperor Decius who determined to smash Christianity (250 AD)
  • FDR inaugurated for fourth time (1945)
  • In Russia, following the Bolshevik Revolution, all church property was confiscated and all religious instruction in the schools was abolished (1918)
  • Actress Audrey Hepburn dies (1993)
  • Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (1813)
  • Clara Swain, first medical female missionary, arrived in Bareilly in Asia (1870)
  • John F. Kennedy is inaugurated (1961)
  • Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam (1903)
  • NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public (1908)
  • Alias Smith & Jones premieres on ABC TV (1971)
January 21:
  • Agnes, a thirteen year old girl was tortured and beheaded for refusing to renounce Christ (304 AD)
  • US President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders (1977)
  • History's first Anabaptist baptismal service took place in Zurich, Switzerland (1525)
  • French Revolution: King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris (1793)
  • Charismatic Bible Ministries was founded in Oklahoma (1986)
January 22:
  • Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated (1673)
  • The Fifth Street Presbyterian Church of Troy, New York, became the first church in America to be illuminated by electric lighting (1882)
  • 75% of North America is covered by snow (1982)
  • Queen Victoria dies (1901)
  • Our Town, Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, NH, premieres (1938)
  • In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday' (1905)
  • US Supreme Court legalizes most abortions in Roe vs Wade decision (1973)
January 23:
  • Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes first woman physician in US (1844)
  • 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax  in federal elections (1964)
  • Supreme Court rules cities & states have right to censor films (1961)
  • 20th amendment ratified changed date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January (1933)
  • Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized (1845)
  • Miniseries "Roots" premieres on ABC (1977)
  • French scientist and mathematician Blaise Pascal published the first of his 18 Provincial Lettres criticizing the morality of the Jesuits (1656)
  • Patent granted for an envelope-making machine (1849)
  • Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto (1930)
* Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission.

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