Sunday, January 24, 2016

This Week in History 1/24 - 1/30

This Week in History

January 24:

  • Winston Churchill dies (1965)
  • Boy Scout Movement begins (1908)
  • James Marshall discovers gold along the banks of Sutter’s Creek in California (1848)
  • First games played in baseball's American League (1901)
  • WW2: Shoichi Yokoi, a Japanese sergeant, was discovered who was unaware that World War II had ended (1972)
  • Lord Baltimore's representative Margaret Brent ejected from the Maryland Council after requesting right to vote (1648)
  • Civil War: Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia, seized by Confederacy (1861)
  • Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders (1639)
  • Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (1922)
  • Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after his assassination by Praetorian Guards (41 AD)
  • Irene Ferrel, missionary in the Congo, was martyred by Marxist Jeunesse while awaiting air support to rescue her. Her fellow missionary, Ruth Hege, was wounded but survived. (1964)
  • Jackie Robinson is 1st African American elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame (1962)
  • Edward Wigglesworth, a Unitarian, was commissioned to the Thomas Hollis chair as divinity professor, a move that moved Harvard toward liberalism (1722)
  • 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany (1962)
  • 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect declaring states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes (1964)
  • Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan (1899)
  • Lehman Caves National Monument established (1922)
  • Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established (1923)
  • Reverend Barbara C. Harris was confirmed as the first female bishop in the Anglican Church (1989)
  • Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film as director - The Pleasure Garden (1927)
  • The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation (2003)
January 25:
  • Russia declared a republic of Soviets (1918)
  • World's largest diamond found in South Africa (1905)
  • First Winter Olympics (1925)
  • Revolutionary War: Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British at Gun Hill Road in the Bronx (1775)
  • American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes first to identify Antarctica as a new continent (1840)
  • Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden (1877)
  • 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US (1981)
  • Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg's time around world by 80 days by making it in 72 days (1890)
  • Florence Tim-Oi Lee of Macao was ordained a priest in Kwangtung Province, China, the first ever ordained female Anglican clergyperson (1944)
  • WW2: Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia (1983)
January 26:
  • The first General Assembly of the Church of God, the oldest Pentecostal denomination, convened (1906)
  • Civil War: Louisiana secedes from the Union (1861)
  • Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent known as the 54th Massachusetts Regiment (1863)
  • WW2: Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty (1934)
  • Executive Order 9981 ending racial segregation in US Armed Forces signed (1948)
  • Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post (2005)
  • Civil War: Lincoln issues General War Order #1 calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order (1862)
  • Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night (1697)
  • Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library (1837)
  • Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol, he wanted a turkey (1784)
  • Spanish explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon (1500)
  • Civil War: Virginia rejoins US (1870)
  • Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States (1838)
  • Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library (1802)
  • President Bill Clinton says "I want to say one thing to the American people; I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky" (1998)
  • Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (1930)
January 27:
  • U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory in what is present-day Oklahoma clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the Trail of Tears (1825)
  • Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp (1880)
  • Astronauts Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Edward H. White II, and Roger B. Chafee die in Apollo 1 launch pad fire (1967)
  • 14 spies hanged in Baghdad (1969)
  • 9 Jews publicly executed in Damascus, Syria (1969)
  • National Geographic Society organizes (1888)
  • Tarzan of the Apes, first Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater (1918)
  • British monk Pelagius was excommunicated for teaching the heresy that man is essentially good (417 AD)
January 28:
  • US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services (1915)
  • Challenger explodes (1986)
  • WW2: Japanese forces attack Shanghai (1932)
  • Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published (1813)
  • The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway (1855)
  • Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris (1887)
  • In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches wide and 8 inches thick (1887)
  • The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today (1958)
  • American Pro Football Association renamed "National Football League (1922)
  • By Edict of Orleans French persecution of Huguenots is suspended (1561)
  • Beverly Hills, California is incorporated (1914)
  • London's Pall Mall is first street lit by gaslight (1807)
  • Carnegie Institute founded in Washington, D.C. (1902)
January 29:
  • Stephen Merritt, pastor and supporter of missionaries who taught Samuel Morris, an African convert who came to America to learn from Merritt, died (1917)
  • In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health (1785)
  • Revolutionary War: King George III died after a long bout with mental illness after losing the American Revolution (1820)
  • The Congregational Holiness Church was formally organized, following a split the previous year with the Pentecostal Holiness Church (1921)
  • Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state (1861)
  • Edgar Allen Poe's Raven first published (1845)
  • Walt Disney's Sleeping Beauty released (1959)
  • Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Company for $40 a week (1920)
  • John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress (1802)
January 30:
  • Bathilde, a Christian slave who rose to become queen and regent of France and worked to end slavery in France, died (680 AD)
  • Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed (1956)
  • King Charles I of England was beheaded after 5 years of civil war (1645)
  • WW2: Hitler proclamation on German unified states (1934)
  • Burned US Library of Congress reestablished with Thomas Jefferson's 6500 volumes (1815)
  • Revolutionary War: Boston preacher Jonathan Mayhew delivered a sermon entitled, Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission which attacked both the divine right of kings and ecclesiastical absolutism and called for the repeal of the Stamp Act which contributed the the Stamp Act rebellion (1750)
  • Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse (1948)
  • Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in 1st attempted assassination of a US President (1835)
  • Bell chimes invented (1487)
* Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission. 

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