Sunday, January 31, 2016

This Week in History 1/31 - 2/6

This Week in History

January 31:
  • Civil War: Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (1865)
  • Civil War: First black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army (1863)
  • Civil War: General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies (1865)
  • 3 missionaries in Columbia were kidnapped by armed guerillas from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia known as FARC who demanded a ransom for their return and latter killed them (1993)
  • After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1846)
  • The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations (1876)
  • Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter (1906)
  • Civil War: State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (1861)
  • Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk (1851)
  • John Mott, founder of Student Volunteer Mission and author of The Evangelization of the World in This Generation, died at 89 years old (1955)
  • Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B, first known white dwarf star, while testing his new telescope (1862)
  • WW2: Private Eddie Slovik becomes the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion and the only one who suffered such a fate during World War II (1945)
February 1:
  • Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma, Alabama (1965)
  • American missionaries Charles and Lettie Cowman, founders of the Oriental Missions Society, sailed for Japan (1901)
  • Supreme Court convenes for first time (1790)
  • Harriet Tubman is first black woman honored on a US postage stamp (1978)
  • Thomas Edison completes worlds first movie studio in West Orange, New Jersey (1893)
  • WW2: Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini (1923)
  • 4 students stage first civil rights sit-in in Greensboro North Carolina at Woolworth's (1960)
  • Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives (1977)
  • Oxford English Dictionary debuts (1884)
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile (1979)
  • Diana, Princess of Wales visits New York City (1989)
February 2:
  • Radio Shack officially begins creating TRS-80 computer (1977)
  • Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization (1901)
  • Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km (1925)
  • WW2: 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the Reichstag-Parliament (1933)
  • WW2: Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries (1932)
  • Giovanni da Plano Carpini set out for the heart of Mongol Asia to deliver the Gospel to Genghis Khan (1246)
  • The first formal church youth organization, The Christian Endeavor, was established (1881)
  • Ethyl gasoline first marketed, Dayton, Ohio (1923)
  • WW2: LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans (1942)
  • Frank Sinatra's singing debut in Indianapolis with Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (1940)
  • B.B. King's 3 O’Clock Blues hits #1 on the US Billboard's R&B hit parade to become his first national hit (1952)
  • WW2: Allied troops first set foot on Japanese territory (1944)
  • A British ship rescued marooned sailor Juan Fernandez from the Chilean island where he had been for 5 years inspiring the world's first true narrative novel, Robinson Crusoe.(1709)
  • Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise (1863)
* Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission.

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