Sunday, February 28, 2016

This Week in History 2/28-3/5


This Week in History
February 28:
  • James D. Watson and Frances H.C. Crick announce that they have determined the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule containing human genes (1953)
  • WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties (1915)
  • Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery (1859)
  • WW2: Hiding Place author Corrie Ten Boom, who was suffering from the flu, and her sister Betsy were arrested by the Gestapo for hiding Jews (1944)
  • Preacher David Wilkerson, after hearing a Word from God, tried to speak at a gang member's trial in New York City and was slapped in handcuffs and escorted out giving him an audience with the youth he would later help (1958)
  • John Wesley formally chartered Wesleyan Methodism (1784)
  • Ann Lee, the founder of the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, a Christian sect commonly known as the Shakers, is born in Manchester, England (1736)
  • The Scottish Covenant separating the church from the rule of the king was read in churches throughout Scotland which led to Civil War (1638)
  • Gulf War: United Nations troops move into Kuwait City and Saddam Hussein orders troops out of Kuwait; Iraqi soldiers ignite Kuwaiti oil fields during their retreat (1991)
  • In "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation (1879)
  • Territories of Nevada & Colorado created (1861)
  • JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor (1961)
  • President Richard Nixon ends historic week-long visit to China as the first president to visit there (1972)
  • Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisconsin (1854)
  • Final TV episode of M*A*S*H airs on CBS with a record 125 million watching in the US (1983)
  • Smokers must prove they are over 18 to purchase cigarettes in US (1997)
  • The brains of two rats successfully connected so that they share information (2013)
  • Roger Scott was tried in Massachusetts for sleeping in church (1646)
  • Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 40 and kidnapping 100 (1704)
  • Gun battle erupts near Waco, Texas at Branch Davidian compound after FBI attempts a raid (1993)
February 29:
  • Tituba, the female Indian servant of the Reverend Samuel Parris, and Sarah Goode were both arrested and accused of witchcraft in Salem Massachusetts (1692)
  • President Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7-man Panama Canal Commission to proceed with completing a canal at the Isthmus (1904)
  • Death of Pope Hilary, 46th Bishop of Rome, who during his seven-year pontificate, he reaffirmed the earlier church councils where the major creeds of the Early Church were hammered out (468 AD)
  • Hattie McDaniel becomes first black woman to win an Oscar for Gone with the Wind (1940)
  • Martyrdom of Scottish reformer Patrick Hamilton (1528)
  • Jay's Treaty proclaimed, settles some differences with England (1796)
  • Columbus uses a lunar eclipse to frighten hostile Jamaican Indians (1504)
March 1:
  • Hudson Taylor, founder of China Inland Mission, arrived in Shanghai, China (1854)
  • Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation (1781)
  • Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Court 1883 (1875)
  • First US census authorized (1790)
  • Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity (1896)
  • 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history (1910)
  • U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first attached-type parachute jump from an airplane (1912)
  • Scottish reformation preacher George Wishart, who  preached in in churches and when those doors were closed fields calling all men to repentance, was martyred by being burned at the stake in England (1546)
  • 20 month old Charles Lindbergh Jr, kidnapped; found dead May 12 (1932)
  • Fidelia Fiske sailed for Persia becoming the first single woman missionary there (1843)
  • The Salem Witch Trials in the Massachusetts colony officially began with the conviction of Reverend Samuel Parris' West Indian slave, Tituba, for witchcraft (1692)
  • Isabella Goodwin, first US woman detective, appointed in NYC (1912)
  • The first issue of The Evening Light and Church of God Evangel was published in Cleveland, Tennessee (1910)
  • US federal income tax takes effect (1913)
  • Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides (1974)
  • President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp (1961)
  • Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery - for newborns only (1780)
  • Ohio becomes 17th state (1803)
  • President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas (1845)
  • Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state, expanded later (1867)
  • Yellowstone becomes world's first national park (1872)
  • WW1: Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic (1916)
  • The Hoover Dam is completed (1936)
  • End of US commercial whale hunting (1970)
  • Captain America first appears in comic book form (1941)
  • Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security (2003)
  • Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower (1587)
  • Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses, dies 4 days later (1953)
March 2:
  • The Sound of Music starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer is released (1965)
  • US Revolutionary War: Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston (1776)
  • Congress bans slave trade (1807)
  • Theodor Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, is born (1904)
  • Congress standardizes US weights & measures (1799)
  • First Evangelical church building dedicated in New Berlin, Pennsylvania (1817)
  • Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico (1836)
  • US Civil War: First Reconstruction act passed by US Congress (1867)
  • English King Charles I dissolves Parliament against opposition, imprisoning 9 members of parliament (1629)
  • Louis V becomes King of the Franks (986 AD)
  • Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances (1789)
  • Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education (1865)
  • Territory of Arkansas organized (1819)
  • Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory (1853)
  • US creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah territories (1861)
  • US passed its first immigration law (1819)
  • Interstate commerce comes under federal control (1824)
  • First US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated (1866)
  • US Congress creates the Department of Education (1867)
  • The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace (1888)
March 3:
  • Star Spangled Banner officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution (1931)
  • Congress establishes US Mint (1791)
  • Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church (1794)
  • First US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched (1959)
  • Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there (1820)
  • The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail (1873)
  • Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller (1887)
  • American Telephone & Telegraph, AT&T, incorporates (1885)
  • WW1: Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria (1900)
  • US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (1885)
  • US Congress creates Courts of Appeal (1891)
  • US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration, Treasury Department (1891)
  • Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9 (1837)
  • US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas (1837)
  • Mount Rushmore dedicated (1933)
  • US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks (1865)
  • War of 1812: Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms (1813)
  • Florida becomes 27th state of the Union (1845)
  • US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress (1849)
  • US Steel Corporation organizes (1900)
  • First female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood (1879)
  • First US child labor law regulating working hours passed (1842)
  • Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms (1805)
  • Territory of Minnesota organizes (1829)
  • Idaho Territory forms (1863)
  • Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi (1817)
  • First US internal revenue act, taxing distilled spirits & carriages (1791)
  • Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist (1910)
  • Origin of Saka Era now known as India (78 AD)
  • Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India (1939)
  • NYC premiere of King Kong starring Fay Wray (1933)
March 4:
  • Beatles John Lennon is quoted, "Christianity will... vanish and shrink... We're more popular than Jesus Christ right now" becoming one of many to announce the premature "death" of Christianity (1966)
  • President Zachary Taylor refused to take the presidential oath of office on a Sunday leading the United States "without" a president for a day (1849)
  • American missionary Gustav Schmidt, opened the Danzig Instytut Biblijny in Danzig, Poland, the first Pentecostal Bible institute established in Eastern Europe (1930)
  • First US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect with 9 senators, 13 representatives (1789)
  • First sighting of Orion nebula by William Herschel (1774)
  • England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628)
  • Vermont admitted as 14th state, first addition to the 13 colonies (1791)
  • Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania (1681)
  • Civil War: Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th US President (1861)
  • Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia who was head of the Roman head of the praetorium guard and became a Christian after torturing Christians and asking them why they died with such courage (303 AD)
  • American Automobile Association, AAA, founded in Chicago (1902)
  • Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed (1894)
  • Civil War: Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag (1861)
  • Nero, later to become Roman Emperor and great persecutor of Christians including the one who killed Peter, Paul, and other apostles, is given the title princeps iuventutis, head of the youth (51 AD)
  • Chicago becomes incorporated as a city (1837)
  • US Revolutionary War: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts (1776)
  • First Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs, takes office (1791)
  • Thomas Jefferson becomes the first president inaugurated in Washington DC (1801)
  • FDR inaugrated as 32nd president, pledges to pull US out of Depression & says "We have nothing to fear but fear itself" (1933)
  • WW2: Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver (1945)
  • Over 1,100 Christian organizations combined to form the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability ECFA (1979)
  • President James A. Garfield was baptized at age 18 (1850)
  • Territory of Idaho established (1863)
  • Birth of Gloria Gaither (1942)
  • Oranges introduced to Hawaii (1792)
March 5:
  • US Revolutionary War: Boston Massacre when British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks at them (1770)
  • Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in the US popularizes the term and draws attention to the rise of Communism in Europe (1946)
  • Hula Hoop is patented (1963)
  • US Revolutionary War: John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston (1776)
  • Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston in honor of the first man to die in the Boston Massacre who was an African American (1858)
  • Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation (1904)
  • WW2: Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament  (1933)
  • Samuel Colt manufactures first pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model (1836)
  • Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes (1558)
  • In Boston, editor Thomas Prince published the first issue of The Christian History, the first religious journal published in America (1743)
  • Missionary Henry Nott arrived in Tahiti and spent 22 years preaching before seeing his first convert, the violent king Pomare II (1797)
  • George Müller and Henry Craik formed The Scripture Knowledge Institution, for Home and Abroad without any money and a resolve not to ask for donations or accept money from the unsaved (1834)
  • Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and entire family found in St Petersburg (1995)
  • Joseph Stalin dies (1953)
  • Mother-in-law's day first celebrated (1934)
  • First American temperance law enacted in Virginia (1623)
 * Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission.

1 comment:

Becky G said...

With Feb. being Black History Month I decided to read Ice Whispers by K. Willow. A book based in the south during the time of slavery. There is always something to learn, I have been reading about some things in it that I had no idea were going on then. Pretty cool. kwillow.com is her site. If you like some good, legit history then this book fits the bill and the fiction side of it fits perfectly as well!