Sunday, March 13, 2016

This Week in History 3/13 - 3/19

This Week in History
March 13:
  • US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (1865)
  • Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico (1519)
  • William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus (1781)
  • WW2: Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight (1943)
  • The Butler Law in Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach anything but creationism (1925)
  • Great Blizzard of 1888 rages (1888)
  • American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday (1933)
March 14:
  • Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin (1794)
  • Jack Ruby sentenced to death for murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the murderer of JFK (1964)
  • JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial (1967)
  • On board HMS Monarch, his own flagship, British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty (1757)
  • War of 1812: Congress authorizes war bonds to finance the war (1812)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (1821)
  • WW2: Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies (1941)
  • By Presidential order, the US excludes Japanese laborers from entering the country (1907)
  • John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation (1913)
  • FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins (1950)
March 15:
  • US Revolutionary War: In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy; the threatened coup never takes place (1783)
  • Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March (44 BC)
  • First US presidential press conference by Woodrow Wilson (1913)
  • Maine admitted as 23rd US state (1820)
  • WW2: Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest (1940)
  • First escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (1892)
  • Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court (1913)
  • First state contraceptive clinic opens in Raleigh NC (1937)
  • Pluto again becomes outermost planet (1999)
March 16:
  • Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king (597 AD)
  • US Civil War: Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (1861)
  • First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery (1867)
  • Law signed to establish US Military Academy in West Point, New York (1802)
  • Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Massachusetts (1621)
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter published (1850)
  • Mississippi House of Representatives formally abolishes slavery & ratifies 13th Amendment (1995)
  • Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts (1881)
  • US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross (1882)
  • Holy spirit glides above fire in "the miracle of Amsterdam" (1345)
  • Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15 (1995)
March 17:
  • Saint Patrick, missionary to Ireland, died (461 AD)
  • Saint Patrick aged 16 is carried off to Ireland as a slave (432 AD)
  • Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi when 20 African Americans are killed (1886)
  • Golda Meir becomes Israel's 4th Prime Minister (1969)
  • Amanda Berry, evangelist and song writer who was born a slave, become a Christian (1856)
  • Texas abolishes slavery for a short time (1836)
  • John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island (1898)
  • Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London (1845)
  • First St. Patrick's Day celebration held in United States (1737)
  • WW2: Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander (1942)
  • Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed (1861)
March 18:
  • Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem (1229)
  • US Civil War: Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time (1865)
  • First free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists (1990)
  • President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC (1875)
  • 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox (1942)
  • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights (1874)
  • US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill (1959)
  • According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date (1325)
  • Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone (1882)
  • Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering (1899)
March 19:
  • US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time (1918)
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England (1628)
  • WW2: FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty (1942)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories (1945)
  • Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city (1822)
  • Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention (1969)
  • US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (1920)
  • WW2: 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan (1945)
  • First US bank robbery (1831)
  • 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor (1644)
  • Pluto photographed for first time (1915)
* Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission.

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