Sunday, April 03, 2016

This Week in History 4/3-4/9

This Week in History
April 3:
  • US Civil War: Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond (1865)
  • WW2: US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan giving $5B aid to 16 European countries (1948)
  • The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City (1973)
  • Super Outbreak where 148 tornadoes in the East, South, and Midwest United States killed approximately 315 people, with nearly 5,500 injured (1974)
  • US Revolutionary War:Congress authorizes privateers to attack British vessels
  • A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave (1868)
  • Pony Express is born (1860)
  • Adolf Clarenbach, first martyr of the Protestant reformation, arrested (1520)
  • George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College (1776)
  • Jesse James is murdered (1886)
  • Joseph Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by Vladimir Lenin (1922)
  • Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley, claimed to have been first climbed by 4 local men (1910)
  • First airplane flight over Mt Everest (1933)
  • Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks (1882)
  • US President Barack Obama officially secures Democratic presidential nomination (2012)
April 4:
  • Dr. Martin Luther King is assassinated by James Earl Ray (1968)
  • Asa Mahan, first president of Oberlin College who was known for educational reforms and who allowed blacks and women to be educated alongside white men, died (1889)
  • Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars, stars increase according to number of states (1818)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Yorktown, first battle of the war (1862)
  • US Civil War: Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse where Lee will surrender six days later (1865)
  • Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen (1975)
  • US Civil War: US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond (1862)
  • Future German reformer Martin Luther was ordained a priest in the Roman Catholic church (1507)
  • James II issued a Declaration of Indulgence allowing full liberty of worship in England (1687)
  • Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement (1949)
  • Casparus van Wooden patents chocolate milk powder (1828)
April 5:
  • Pocahontas marries John Rolf (1614)
  • Hans Nielsen Hauge, founder of Norwegian Pietism who was jailed often for preaching the power of the Holy Spirit and spiritual renewal, experienced a spiritual renewal where he was "filled with divine joy" and instructed to preach the Gospel throughout Norway (1796)
  • US President Dwight Eisenhower inaugurated the Presidential Prayer Breakfast (1953)
  • US Civil War: Siege of Yorktown (1862)
  • Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop (456 AD)
  • George Washington casts first presidential veto (1792)
  • World Trade Center, then the world's tallest building, opens in New York (1974)
  • WW2: Membership in Hitler Youth, which includes Sunday meetings, becomes obligatory (1939)
  • Firestone Company put their inflatable tires into production (1923)
  • WW2: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans (1944)
  • Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England (1621)
  • Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, Soviet spies, sentenced to death (1951)
  • Matthew Simpson, powerful evangelist and abolitionist, saddled his horse and rode out on his first circuit (1834)
  • Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller (1887)
  • Death of Robert Raikes, English philanthropist regarded as the founder of the modern Sunday School movement (1811)
  • Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities (1969)
  • Winston Churchill resigns as British Prime Minister (1955)
  • Earth's 1st contact with the extra-terrestrial Vulcan species in the Star Trek universe (2063)
April 6:
  • This day is believed by some Biblical scholars to be the actual date of the historical birth of Jesus Christ (6 BC)
  • First modern Olympic Games take place in Greece, American James Connolly, wins first Olympic gold medal in modern history (1896)
  • WW1: US declares war on Germany, enters World War I (1917)
  • First Moravians arrive in Savannah, Georgia with the intent of becoming missionaries to Native Americans (1735)
  • First US Congress begins regular sessions at Federal Hall in New York City (1789)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Sayler's Creek during US Civil War, 1/4 of Lee's army cut off (1865)
  • North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson (1909)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee (1862)
  • George Eastman begins selling his Kodak flexible rolled film for the first time (1889)
  • First animated cartoon copyrighted (1906)
  • Electric starter first appeared in cars (1912)
  • Post It Notes introduced (1980)
  • Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under John of Riebeeck (1652)
  • King Charles II signs Carolina Charter (1663)
  • Jews of Prussia granted equality (1848)
  • TV Dinner was first put on sale by Swanson & Sons (1954)
  • American Radio Relay League, organization for hams, founded (1914)
  • English militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed (1815)
  • Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, ends tax on men with beards (1722)
  • Grand Army of the Republic forms in Decatur, Illinois (1866)
  • Mormon church leader Brigham Young, at age 67, married his 27th and last wife (1868)
  • Lailat-ul Qadar, night Koran supposedly descended to Earth (610 AD)
April 7:
  • Possible date of Jesus crucifixion (30 AD)
  • The Internet's symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1 (1969)
  •  Ludwig von Beethoven's first composition Missa Solemnis (Solemn Mass) premiered (1824)
  • English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches (1827)
  • U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later (2003)
  • First settlement in Ohio at Marietta (1788)
  • Mississippi Territory organized (1798)
  • Slave revolt in New York kills 6 white men, 21 African Americans executed (1712)
  • First brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed by Dr K Winfield Ney (1923)
  • US President Jimmy Carter breaks relations with Iran during hostage crisis (1980)
  • Warren G. Harding's Interior Secretary, Albert B. Fall, leases the Teapot Dome oil reserves to Harry Sinclair setting in motion what comes to be known as the Teapot Dome scandals (1922)
  • First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis, a fundamental work in jurisprudence, issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I (529 AD)
  • US President Eisenhower in news conference first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China (1954)
  • Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party (1923)
  • Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies (1541)
  • Oklahoma ends prohibition after 51 years (1959)
  • Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material (1969)
April 8:
  • German theologian and martyr, Dietrich Bonhoeffer hanged by Nazis, his last recorded words, "This is the end - - for me the beginning" (1945)
  • Soviet Union issued regulations outlawing almost all public and many private expressions of Christianity (1929)
  • Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379 (1781)
  • James Chalmer, missionary to Papua, and several Christian native evangelists, after being invited to a banquet, were surrounded by armed savages, clubbed to death and their bodies were cooked with sago and served as the main course of the promised feast (1901)
  • Shearith Israel, first Jewish congregation organized in America, consecrated their synagogue in New York City (1730)
  • WW2: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt freezes wages and prices (1943)
  • Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law, the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic (1796)
  • First fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain (1766)
  • League of Nations assembles for last time (1946)
  • The American Theological Society was organized at Union Theological Seminary (1912)
  • Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert was defrocked by the Assemblies of God following the disclosure of his involvement with a prostitute (1988)
  • South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11 which excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions and prohibited registration of black trade unions (1924)
  • Smoking banned in Pentagon & all US military bases (1994)
April 9:
  • Azusa Street three year revival begins under leadership of black evangelist William Seymour when tongues break out during a service (1919)
  • US Civil War: Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War (1865)
  • Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto (1866)
  • Richard Allen became America's first black bishop and organized the African Methodist Episcopal Church (1819)
  • NASA introduces America’s first astronauts to the press: Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper Jr., John H. Glenn Jr., Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Walter Schirra Jr., Alan Shepard Jr., and Donald Slayton (1959)
  • US Civil War: Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War (1864)
  • US Revolutionary War: John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies (1764)
  • Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300 (1947)
  • Martin Luther King Jr., buried in Atlanta (1968)
  • Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada (1869)
  • Samuel R Percy patents dried milk (1872)
  • Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences (1927)
  • Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen (1963)
  • Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK as more than a million people line the streets (2002)
 * Reprinted from Word Sharpeners with permission.

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